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From April 2018 the Energy Act 2011 will make it unlawful to lease or renew leases to tenants of commercial property with an EPC Rating of F or G – the lowest two bands of energy efficiency. However landlords will not be required to improve the energy efficiency of their building if the improvement works are not permissible, appropriate or cost effective. To be considered cost effective any measures carried out must pay for themselves through the resulting energy savings. Further a landlord is exempt if a tenant or third party consent is required for the works and such consent is refused or the works would actually reduce the value of the property by 5% or more.

Penalties for breaching the regulations are expensive. If the breach was for less than 3 months at the time of the service of the penalty notice the fine is an amount equal to the greater of £5,000 or 10% of the rateable value of the property, subject to a maximum fine of £50,000. If the breach was for a period longer than 3 months the fine increases to the greater of £10,000 or 20% of the rateable value subject to a maximum penalty of £150,000.

Certain types of leases will be exempt from the regulations. For example leases of 6 months or less (unless the tenant has occupied the property for more than 1 year), leases over 99 years and any properties that are exempt from EPC requirements.

There are a number of implications for landlords. There is the potential cost of works to make a unit marketable, the impact on property values as purchasers make adjustments to yields to take account of potential improvement works and associated costs, lower rents being achieved for less efficient properties and a two-tier market emerging between energy efficient properties and those with low energy ratings.

What should you being doing?                    

·      Where your property has a current EPC review the rating and take note of those that fall below the E rating. Energy performance certificates for non-domestic property can be found at Some types of property will be exempt.

·        Where a property has an F or G rating review the recommendation report and see what works are required to improve the efficiency of the property.

·      Working with your surveyor and a qualified energy assessor cost the works required against the savings to be made in energy efficiency. This is with a view to being able to demonstrate that the works are not cost effective or ensuring that any works carried out to the property contribute the maximum amount of ‘points’ to the rating for the minimum amount of expenditure.  For example some items may be expensive to carry out but contribute little in terms of energy savings. There may be some cheap quick fixes.

·    Forward planning is essential. For example it would be unwise to carry out a full scale refurbishment of a property now and not ensure that any works carried out contribute to the energy efficiency of a building. Or if you have a large portfolio of older stock put in place a rolling programme to carry out works over the next 3 year period to avoid all costs falling due in one block.

·      Tenants should not assume that their landlord will pick up the costs of the work. The lease may contain a statutory compliance covenant which will oblige the tenant to carry out improvements so that the premises comply with regulations. Check existing lease provisions.


For more information or to discuss this further please contact a member of the commercial team.